Some students, as well as applicants for a scientific degree, will have to face such a task as research paper. But no one really knows how to write this research paper at a university. Well, besides us, of course.
Why do I need research at the college/university?
Research paper is the same type of work as all the others (abstract, report, diploma, laboratory). Like all of them, the research work is intended for those who are eager to get to the bottom of things and phenomena, want to understand and analyze some natural phenomena, and also intend to make some kind of discovery.
Research Paper - is a process of comprehending knowledge, conducting research.
The only thing remaining is to learn how to compose and build a research work.
Let's get it right.
Best ideas for writing a research paper
If you are faced with such a difficult task, and you feel like ignoramus, do not worry. Here are some suggestions and ideas that you can do with ease and ease:
- Clearly state the research topic. “If you don’t know where you are heading, you will end up in the wrong place.” This statement has much in common with the research process. If you don’t know what exactly you are looking for, in the end you can spend time studying interesting but irrelevant facts. From the very beginning, try to formulate a clear thesis statement for your research. You should not take too broad a topic for study. Point out an extensive topic, do a quick preliminary study before formulating a specific and precise thesis statement.
- Bad choice: Why is a healthy eating important?
- Specific question: Is there a connection between a healthy lifestyle and personal effectiveness?
If you are stuck with this task, ask the supervisor for support.
- Discuss the volume of the paper (page quantity). As a rule, it will be affected by the level of difficulty. For example, a student must prepare about 20-30 pages of printed text for a speech at a scientific conference. In a graduation project, research paper can range up to 100 sheets.
- Plan out the number of words. The general rule is to spend up to 10 percent of the total number of words on introduction and conclusion. So, if you know the recommended number of words, you can make appropriate decisions regarding the number of words to be included in other sections.
- Examine previous research on this topic. Compare them with your own data and draw conclusions.
- Determine the topic relevance. Outline possible solutions to the problem. Before writing an introduction to the research paper, you should find out for yourself why this topic was chosen.
- At the very beginning, formulate the goal of work and tasks. This will help with the conclusion. On top of that - in achieving the goals it is much better to clearly state the goal and tasks for yourself.
- Make the introduction convincing. Grab the reader’s attention with interesting statistics, shocking facts or quotes from famous people. In the main part of the research paper, the significance of a particular study is discussed. Try to get to the hearts of your readers by playing with your fears or selfishness.
- Work out the main body. At this point, the intermediate results of the study, observations and experiments are described, preliminary ideas and conclusions are made.
- Track the logic of work. After writing it, it is necessary to review and determine if the logical order, sequence of the course of the study or thoughts is disturbed.
- Work out the conclusion. Here you need to summarize the work done, describe its merits, as well as determine further paths in the selected area.
- Make a references/bibliography list. Collecting sources and writing just a few words about each of them is the wrong technique. Before you write your bibliography, divide your sources into groups, in accordance with the provisions of the authors. Make sure you include conflicting opinions and highlight the gaps in existing literature. This will make your work exhaustive and complete.
A list of references can be made in the same way as in other scientific works.
Structure of research paper
Here you can see the general structural plan-sample of how to write research correctly:
- Title (first page filled out according to certain rules) - the most important part of your paper. It draws the reader in and tells them what you are presenting. Moreover, if you think about the titles of papers that you might browse in a day and which papers you actually read, you’ll agree.
- Abstract (a summary of your research. It is nearly as important as the title because the reader will be able to quickly read through it).
- Introduction (the problem is indicated, as well as its relevance and practical significance of the problem) - include background information on the subject and your objectives here.
- Body - This section contains the “core” of the paper. Ideally, it should be broken down into further sections such as methods and materials, results, discussion, and conclusion.
- Methods (the part describing the context and setting of the study).
- Results (it is necessary to fully reveal the essence of scientific work).
- Discussion - discuss what your results are and concisely formulate the conclusion of the material.
Helping Tips for Writing a Research Paper
Like any student work, research work must be executed according to strict rules:
- After writing, check the work for stylistic, grammatical or spelling errors. The main part should not exceed 30-35 pages in volume. The text should be printed with a half spacing of the 14th font. Pagination should be done in Arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the page.
- Used graphs, charts, diagrams, tables should be used in the course of presentation of the material. Additional information is best placed in applications. All tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals within the section.
- The style of making links to sources throughout the work should match. When using direct quotes, they should be placed in quotation marks.
- When filling out the title page, the name of the organization for which research is carried out is indicated above. In the center of the sheet indicates the name of the research work, its type (term paper, diploma, etc.). A little lower to the right write the name of the student, as well as the supervisor, his position. At the very bottom is the city and year of completion. In general, before writing a research paper, be sure to look at examples of finished works or ask for a sample of previous years from your supervisor.
- The reference list should be in alphabetical order of the names of the authors.
- Attachments (if you use any) start with a new sheet. The word “attachment” is written in the upper right corner. Each of such sheets should have its own title.
Do not worry! Millions of students have written research papers in their lives. None of this has died. And you will certainly succeed. However, if you already have room to spend your precious time, we recommend that you turn to special student services with this task. They certainly did such a task a couple of billion times. So why do you have to sweat the issue?
Extra Tips to Cheer You Up1. How not to get "dumb-n-stuck"
The short answer is: Do not be lazy to think and work independently.
Long answer. A scientific problem is never fully understood. The supervisor can understand a little more than you. However, he may not know in detail how to solve it. That’s what he needs you for. There is a simple algorithm, how not to get stuck and not to stagnate in the conditions of uncertainty of the task.
2. “Write drunk, edit sober.” This quote is mistakenly attributed to Hemingway, but there is no official evidence that he ever said or wrote it. However, it makes a lot of sense. Postpone your work for a while, and then return to this later, with a fresh mind, and eliminate all typos, grammatical and stylistic errors.